Cosmos ,Sanatan Dharma.Ancient Hinduism science.
Issac Newton discovered universal gravitation in 16th century when he observed an apple fall from a tree.
But Prasnopanishad(6000 BC) described the force that pulls objects down and keeps us grounded on earth without floating.
In Prashnopanishad chapter 3 while describing the panchapranas, the apana vayu is said to be residing in the anus and genitals – paayoopasthepaanam.
It is responsible for throwing out from the body faeces, urine, semen, menstrual blood and foetus. Further, the upanishad says : prithivyaam yaa devataa saisha purushasya apaanamavashatabhyaantaraa
The devata that is in earth she supports this apana. She helps apana for throwing out from the body. Space travellers face difficulty in excretion due to absence of gravitational force there. The link between apana and the earth aiding it is quite clear in this upanishad.
Further in his commentary to this upanishad, Adi Shankara ( 8th century AD ) says
‘tathaa prithivyaam abhimaaninee yaa devataa prasiddhaa saishaa purushasya apaanavrithimavashtabhyaakrishya vasheekrityaadha evapakarshanenanugraham kurvati vartata ityarthaha. anyathaa hi shareeram gurutvat patetsavakashe vaa udagacheta’.
This devata blesses by supporting apana by pulling in the downward direction. Or else, the body would have floated up.
Dr George Gheverghese Joseph from The University of Manchester says the ‘Kerala School’ identified the ‘infinite series’- one of the basic components of calculus – in about 1350.
The team from the Universities of Manchester and Exeter reveal the Kerala School also discovered what amounted to the Pi series and used it to calculate Pi correct to 9, 10 and later 17 decimal places.
Dr Joseph made the revelations while trawling through obscure Indian papers for a yet to be published third edition of his best selling book ‘The Crest of the Peacock: the Non-European Roots of Mathematics’ by Princeton University Press.
Indians said that they discovered solar system while the western scientists were busy claiming that earth was flat. But again Indians were laughed at.
But now, the people who laughed at Indians are agreeing that India was the hub of knowledge. Yes, Dr George Gheverghese Joseph from the University of Manchester has revealed that several inventions and discoveries that were originally the work of Hindus were hijacked by foreigners at the course of time.
The team from the Universities of Manchester and Exeter conducted the research and revealed that Indians had passed on their knowledge to Jesuit missionaries who had visited India during the fifteenth century. Eventually this knowledge was passed on to Isaac Newton.
“The beginnings of modern maths is usually seen as a European achievement but the discoveries in medieval India between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries have been ignored or forgotten. The brilliance of Newton’s work at the end of the seventeenth century stands undiminished – especially when it came to the algorithms of calculus”, Dr George said.