HINDUISM AND SANATAN DHARMA

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Vedic roots of Pre islamic Arabia

 Vedic ROOTS of pre-Islamic Arabia and the Kaaba
Kaaba a Hindu Temple!
Was the Kaaba Originally a Hindu Temple?
By P.N. Oak (Historian)
[Note: A recent archeological find in Kuwait unearthed a gold-plated statue of the Hindu deity Ganesh. A
Muslim resident of Kuwait requested historical research material that can help explain the connection
between Hindu civilisation and Arabia.]
Glancing through some research material recently, I was pleasantly surprised to come across a reference
to a
king Vikramaditya
inscription found in the Kaaba in Mecca proving beyond doubt that the Arabian
Peninsula formed a part of his Indian Empire.
The text of the crucial Vikramaditya inscription, found inscribed on a gold dish hung inside the Kaaba
shrine in Mecca, is found recorded on page 315 of a volume known as ‘Sayar-ul-Okul’ treasured in the
Makhtab-e-Sultania library in Istanbul, Turkey. Rendered in free English the inscription says:
“Fortunate are those who were born (and lived) during king Vikram’s reign. He was a noble, generous
dutiful ruler, devoted to the welfare of his subjects. But at that time we Arabs, oblivious of God, were lost
in sensual pleasures. Plotting and torture were rampant. The darkness of ignorance had enveloped our
country. Like the lamb struggling for her life in the cruel paws of a wolf we Arabs were caught up in
ignorance. The entire country was enveloped in a darkness so intense as on a new moon night. But the
present dawn and pleasant sunshine of education is the result of the favour of the noble king
Vikramaditya whose benevolent supervision did not lose sight of us- foreigners as we were. He spread his
sacred religion amongst us and sent scholars whose brilliance shone like that of the sun from his country
to ours. These scholars and preceptors through whose benevolence we were once again made cognisant of
the presence of God, introduced to His sacred existence and put on the road of Truth, had come to our
country to preach their religion and impart education at king Vikramaditya’s behest.”
For those who would like to read the Arabic wording I reproduce it hereunder in Roman script:
“Itrashaphai Santu Ibikramatul Phahalameen Karimun Yartapheeha Wayosassaru Bihillahaya Samaini
Ela Motakabberen Sihillaha Yuhee Quid min howa Yapakhara phajjal asari nahone osirom bayjayhalem.
Yundan blabin Kajan blnaya khtoryaha sadunya kanateph netephi bejehalin Atadari bilamasa- rateen
phakef tasabuhu kaunnieja majekaralhada walador. As hmiman burukankad toluho watastaru hihila
Yakajibaymana balay kulk amarena phaneya jaunabilamary Bikramatum”.
(Page 315 Sayar-ul-okul).
[Note: The title ‘Saya-ul-okul’ signifies memorable words.]
A careful analysis of the above inscription enables us to draw the following conclusions:
1.
That the ancient Indian empires may have extended up to the eastern boundaries of Arabia until
Vikramaditya and that it was he who for the first time conquered Arabia. Because the inscription
says that king Vikram who dispelled the darkness of ignorance from Arabia.
2.
That, whatever their earlier faith, King Vikrama’s preachers had succeeded in spreading the Vedic
(based on the Vedas, the Hindu sacred scriptures)) way of life in Arabia.
3.
That the knowledge of Indian arts and sciences was imparted by Indians to the Arabs directly by
founding schools, academies and cultural centres. The belief, therefore, that visiting Arabs
conveyed that knowledge to their own lands through their own indefatigable efforts and
scholarship is unfounded.
An ancillary conclusion could be that the so-called Kutub Minar (in Delhi, India) could well be king
Vikramadiya’s tower commemorating his conquest of Arabia. This conclusion is strengthened by two
pointers. Firstly, the inscription on the iron pillar near the so-called Kutub Minar refers to the marriage of
the victorious king Vikramaditya to the princess of Balhika. This Balhika is none other than the Balkh
region in West Asia. It could be that Arabia was wrestled by king Vikramaditya from the ruler of Balkh
who concluded a treaty by giving his daughter in marriage to the victor. Secondly, the township adjoining
the so called Kutub Minar is named Mehrauli after Mihira who was the renowned astronomer-
mathematician of king Vikram’s court. Mehrauli is the corrupt form of Sanskrit ‘Mihira-Awali’ signifying a
row of houses raised for Mihira and his helpers and assistants working on astronomical observations
made from the tower.
Having seen the far reaching and history shaking implications of the Arabic inscription concerning king
Vikrama, we shall now piece together the story of its find. How it came to be recorded and hung in the
Kaaba in Mecca. What are the other proofs reinforcing the belief that Arabs were once followers of the
Indian Vedic way of life and that tranquillity and education were ushered into Arabia by king
Vikramaditya’s scholars, educationists from an uneasy period of “ignorance and turmoil” mentioned in
the inscription.
In Istanbul, Turkey, there is a famous library called Makhatab-e-Sultania, which is reputed to have the
largest collection of ancient West Asian literature. In the Arabic section of that library is an anthology of
ancient Arabic poetry. That anthology was compiled from an earlier work in A.D. 1742 under the orders of
the Turkish ruler Sultan Salim.
The pages of that volume are of Hareer – a kind of silk used for writing on. Each page has a decorative
gilded border. That anthology is known as Sayar-ul-Okul. It is divided into three parts. The first part
contains biographic details and the poetic compositions of pre-Islamic Arabian poets. The second part
embodies accounts and verses of poets of the period beginning just after prophet Mohammad’s times, up
to the end of the Banee-Um-Mayya dynasty. The third part deals with later poets up to the end of Khalif
Harun-al-Rashid’s times.
Abu Amir Asamai, an Arabian bard who was the poet Laureate of Harun-al-Rashid’s court, has compiled
and edited the anthology.
The first modern edition of ‘Sayar-ul-Okul’ was printed and published in Berlin in 1864. A subsequent
edition is the one published in Beirut in 1932.
The collection is regarded as the most important and authoritative anthology of ancient Arabic poetry. It
throws considerable light on the social life, customs, manners and entertainment modes of ancient
Arabia. The book also contains an elaborate description of the ancient shrine of Mecca, the town and the
annual fair known as OKAJ which used to be held every year around the Kaaba temple in Mecca. This
should convince readers that the annual haj of the Muslims to the Kaaba is of earlier pre-Islamic
congregation.
But the OKAJ fair was far from a carnival. It provided a forum for the elite and the learned to discuss the
social, religious, political, literary and other aspects of the Vedic culture then pervading Arabia. ‘Sayar-ul-
Okul’ asserts that the conclusion reached at those discussions were widely respected throughout Arabia.
Mecca, therefore, followed the Varanasi tradition (of India) of providing a venue for important
discussions among the learned while the masses congregated there for spiritual bliss. The principal
shrines at both Varanasi in India and at Mecca in Arvasthan (Arabia) were Siva temples. Even to this day
ancient Mahadev (Siva) emblems can be seen. It is the Shankara (Siva) stone that Muslim pilgrims
reverently touch and kiss in the Kaaba.
Arabic tradition has lost trace of the founding of the Kaaba temple. The discovery of the Vikramaditya
inscription affords a clue. King Vikramaditya is known for his great devotion to Lord Mahadev (Siva). At
Ujjain (India), the capital of Vikramaditya, exists the famous shrine of Mahankal, i.e., of Lord Shankara
(Siva) associated with Vikramaditya. Since according to the Vikramaditya inscription he spread the Vedic
religion, who else but he could have founded the Kaaba temple in Mecca?
2

A few miles away from Mecca is a big signboard which bars the entry of any non-Muslim into the area.
This is a reminder of the days when the Kaaba was stormed and captured solely for the newly established
faith of Islam. The object in barring entry of non-Muslims was obviously to prevent its recapture.
As the pilgrim proceeds towards Mecca he is asked to shave his head and beard and to don special sacred
attire that consists of two seamless sheets of white cloth. One is to be worn round the waist and the other
over the shoulders. Both these rites are remnants of the old Vedic practice of entering Hindu temples
clean- and with holy seamless white sheets.
The main shrine in Mecca, which houses the Siva emblem, is known as the Kaaba. It is clothed in a black
shroud. That custom also originates from the days when it was thought necessary to discourage its
recapture by camouflaging it.
According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Kaaba has 360 images. Traditional accounts mention that
one of the deities among the 360 destroyed when the place was stormed, was that of Saturn; another was
of the Moon and yet another was one called Allah. That shows that in the Kaaba the Arabs worshipped the
nine planets in pre-Islamic days. In India the practice of ‘Navagraha’ puja, that is worship of the nine
planets, is still in vogue. Two of these nine are Saturn and Moon.
In India the crescent moon is always painted across the forehead of the Siva symbol. Since that symbol
was associated with the Siva emblem in Kaaba it came to be grafted on the flag of Islam.
Another Hindu tradition associated with the Kaaba is that of the sacred stream Ganga (sacred waters of
the Ganges river). According to the Hindu tradition Ganga is also inseparable from the Shiva emblem as
the crescent moon. Wherever there is a Siva emblem, Ganga must co-exist. True to that association a
sacred fount exists near the Kaaba. Its water is held sacred because it has been traditionally regarded as
Ganga since pre-Islamic times (Zam-Zam water).
[Note: Even today, Muslim pilgrims who go to the Kaaba for Haj regard this Zam-Zam water with
reverence and take some bottled water with them as sacred water.]
Muslim pilgrims visiting the Kaaba temple go around it seven times. In no other mosque does the
circumambulation prevail. Hindus invariably circumambulate around their deities. This is yet another
proof that the Kaaba shrine is a pre-Islamic Indian Shiva temple where the Hindu practice of
circumambulation is still meticulously observed.
The practice of taking seven steps- known as Saptapadi in Sanskrit- is associated with Hindu marriage
ceremony and fire worship. The culminating rite in a Hindu marriage enjoins upon the bride and groom
to go round the sacred fire four times (but misunderstood by many as seven times). Since “Makha” means
fire, the seven circumambulations also prove that Mecca was the seat of Indian fire-worship in the West
Asia.
It might come as a stunning revelation to many that the word ‘ALLAH’ itself is Sanskrit. In Sanskrit
language Allah, Akka and Amba are synonyms. They signify a goddess or mother. The term ‘ALLAH’
forms part of Sanskrit chants invoking goddess Durga, also known as Bhavani, Chandi and
Mahishasurmardini. The Islamic word for God is., therefore, not an innovation but the ancient Sanskrit
appellation retained and continued by Islam. Allah means mother or goddess and mother goddess.
One Koranic verse is an exact translation of a stanza in the Yajurveda. This was pointed out by the great
research scholar Pandit Satavlekar of Pardi in one of his articles.
[Note: Another scholar points out that the following teaching from the Koran is exactly similar to the
teaching of the Kena Upanishad (1.7).
3

The Koran: “Sight perceives Him not. But He perceives men’s sights; for He is the knower of secrets, the
Aware.”
Kena Upanishad: “That which cannot be seen by the eye but through which the eye itself sees, know That
to be Brahman (God) and not what people worship here (in the manifested world).”
A simplified meaning of both the above verses reads: God is one and that He is beyond man’s sensory
experience.
The identity of Unani and Ayurvedic systems shows that Unani is just the Arabic term for the Ayurvedic
system of healing taught to them and administered in Arabia when Arabia formed part of the Indian
empire.
It will now be easy to comprehend the various Hindu customs still prevailing in West Asian countries even
after the existence of Islam during the last 1300 years. Let us review some Hindu traditions which exist as
the core of Islamic practice.
The Hindus have a pantheon of 33 gods. People in Asia Minor too worshipped 33 gods before the spread
of Islam. The lunar calendar was introduced in West Asia during the Indian rule. The Muslim month
‘Safar’ signifying the ‘extra’ month (Adhik Maas) in the Hindu calendar. The Muslim month Rabi is the
corrupt form of Ravi meaning the sun because Sanskrit ‘V’ changes into Prakrit ‘B’ (Prakrit being the
popular version of Sanskrit language). The Muslim sanctity for Gyrahwi Sharif is nothing but the Hindu
Ekadashi (Gyrah = elevan or Gyaarah). Both are identical in meaning.
The Islamic practice of Bakari Eed derives from the Go-Medh and Ashva-Medh Yagnas or sacrifices of
Vedic times. Eed in Sanskrit means worship. The Islamic word Eed for festive days, signifying days of
worship, is therefore a pure Sanskrit word. The word MESH in the Hindu zodiac signifies a lamb. Since in
ancient times the year used to begin with the entry of the sun in Aries, the occasion was celebrated with
mutton feasting. That is the origin of the Bakari Eed festival.
[Note: The word Bakari is an Indian language word for a goat.]
Since Eed means worship and Griha means ‘house’, the Islamic word Idgah signifies a ‘House of worship’
which is the exact Sanskrit connotation of the term. Similarly the word ‘Namaz’ derives from two Sanskrit
roots ‘Nama’ and ‘Yajna’ (NAMa yAJna) meaning bowing and worshipping.
Vedic descriptions about the moon, the different stellar constellations and the creation of the universe
have been incorporated from the Vedas in Koran part 1 chapter 2, stanza 113, 114, 115, and 158, 189,
chapter 9, stanza 37 and chapter 10, stanzas 4 to 7.
Recital of the Namaz five times a day owes its origin to the Vedic injunction of Panchmahayagna (five
daily worship- Panch-Maha-Yagna) which is part of the daily Vedic ritual prescribed for all individuals.
Muslims are enjoined cleanliness of five parts of the body before commencing prayers. This derives from
the Vedic injuction ‘Shareer Shydhyartham Panchanga Nyasah’.
Four months of the year are regarded as very sacred in Islamic custom. The devout are enjoined to abstain
from plunder and other evil deeds during that period. This originates in the Chaturmasa i.e., the four-
month period of special vows and austerities in Hindu tradition. Shabibarat is the corrupt form of Shiva
Vrat and Shiva Ratra. Since the Kaaba has been an important centre of Shiva (Siva) worship from times
immemorial, the Shivaratri festival used to be celebrated there with great gusto. It is that festival which is
signified by the Islamic word Shabibarat.
4

Encyclopaedias tell us that there are inscriptions on the side of the Kaaba walls. What they are, no body
has been allowed to study, according to the correspondence I had with an American scholar of Arabic. But
according to hearsay at least some of those inscriptions are in Sanskrit, and some of them are stanzas
from the Bhagavad Gita.
According to extant Islamic records, Indian merchants had settled in Arabia, particularly in Yemen, and
their life and manners deeply influenced those who came in touch with them. At Ubla there was a large
number of Indian settlements. This shows that Indians were in Arabia and Yemen in sufficient strength
and commanding position to be able to influence the local people. This could not be possible unless they
belonged to the ruling class.
It is mentioned in the Abadis i.e., the authentic traditions of Prophet Mohammad compiled by Imam
Bukhari that the Indian tribe of Jats had settled in Arabia before Prophet Mohammad’s times. Once when
Hazrat Ayesha, wife of the Prophet, was taken ill, her nephew sent for a Jat physician for her treatment.
This proves that Indians enjoyed a high and esteemed status in Arabia. Such a status could not be theirs
unless they were the rulers. Bukhari also tells us that an Indian Raja (king) sent a jar of ginger pickles to
the Prophet. This shows that the Indian Jat Raja ruled an adjacent area so as to be in a position to send
such an insignificant present as ginger pickles. The Prophet is said to have so highly relished it as to have
told his colleagues also to partake of it. These references show that even during Prophet Mohammad’s
times Indians retained their influential role in Arabia, which was a dwindling legacy from Vikramaditya’s
times.
The Islamic term ‘Eed-ul-Fitr’ derives from the ‘Eed of Piters’ that is worship of forefathers in Sanskrit
tradition. In India, Hindus commemorate their ancestors during the Pitr-Paksha that is the fortnight
reserved for their remembrance. The very same is the significance of ‘Eed-ul-Fitr’ (worship of forefathers).
The Islamic practice of observing the moon rise before deciding on celebrating the occasion derives from
the Hindu custom of breaking fast on Sankranti and Vinayaki Chaturthi only after sighting the moon.
Barah Vafat, the Muslim festival for commemorating those dead in battle or by weapons, derives from a
similar Sanskrit tradition because in Sanskrit ‘Phiphaut’ is ‘death’. Hindus observe Chayal Chaturdashi in
memory of those who have died in battle.
The word Arabia is itself the abbreviation of a Sanskrit word. The original word is ‘Arabasthan’. Since
Prakrit ‘B’ is Sanskrit ‘V’ the original Sanskrit name of the land is ‘Arvasthan’. ‘Arva’ in Sanskrit means a
horse. Arvasthan signifies a land of horses., and as well all know, Arabia is famous for its horses.
This discovery changes the entire complexion of the history of ancient India. Firstly we may have to revise
our concepts about the king who had the largest empire in history. It could be that the expanse of king
Vikramaditya’s empire was greater than that of all others. Secondly, the idea that the Indian empire
spread only to the east and not in the west beyond say, Afghanisthan may have to be abandoned. Thirdly
the effeminate and pathetic belief that India, unlike any other country in the world could by some age
spread her benign and beatific cultural influence, language, customs, manners and education over distant
lands without militarily conquering them is baseless. India did conquer all those countries physically
wherever traces of its culture and language are still extant and the region extended from Bali island in the
south Pacific to the Baltic in Northern Europe and from Korea to Kaaba. The only difference was that
while Indian rulers identified themselves with the local population and established welfare states,
Moghuls and others who ruled conquered lands perpetuated untold atrocities over the vanquished.
‘Sayar-ul-Okul’ tells us that a pan-Arabic poetic symposium used to be held in Mecca at the annual Okaj
fair in pre-Islamic times. All leading poets used to participate in it.
5

DEVANAGARI NUMBERS
___________________
We received the following email from one of our readers
Sun, 07 Nov 2004 02:24:39+0300
Kabaa-Kabaali-Lord Shiva*
Dear Sir,
First of all I heartly thank for hosting such a beautiful website. I read the message ” Is the Kabaa a Hindu
temple ???”. It was a very interesting, thought provoking and informative message. I would like to bring to
your notice regarding this, that the word Kabaa might have come from the TAMIL language –
Kabaalishwaran temple (TAMIL is considered as one of the oldest languages of the world). Dravidian’s
worshiped Lord Shiva as their Primal Deity – Indus valley civilization.
Shiva Temple’s in South India are
called as Kabaalishwaran temple’s. Kabaali – refers to Lord Shiva.
-Dr.Davis S.Senthilkumar
Other Cultures and Dieties
The earliest reference we have to a goddess worshipped as a cube-shaped stone is from neolithic Anatolia.
Alternatively, ‘Kubaba’ may mean a hollow vessel or cave – which would still be a supreme image of the
goddess. The ideograms for Kubaba in the Hittite alphabet are a lozenge or cube, a double-headed axe, a
dove, a vase and a door or gate – all images of the goddess in neolithic Europe.
Deities of other cultures known to have been associated with black stones include Aphrodite at Paphos,
Cybele at Pessinus and later Rome, Astarte at Byblos and the famous Artemis/Diana of Ephesus. The
latter’s most ancient sculpture was, it is said, carved from a black meteorite.
The earliest form of Cybele’s name may have been Kubaba or Kumbaba which suggests Humbaba, who
was the guardian of the forest in the Epic of Gilgamesh – the world’s oldest recorded myth from Assyria of
circa 2,500 BCE and, as scholars reveal more of the text as the source of most of the major mythological
themes of later civilizations.
The origin of Kubaba may have been kube or kuba meaning ‘cube’.
The stone associated with Cybele’s worship was, originally, probably at Pessinus but perhaps at
Pergamum or on Mount Ida. What is certain is that in 204 BCE it was taken to Rome, where Cybele
became ‘Mother’ to the Romans. The ecstatic rites of her worship were alien to the Roman temperament,
but nevertheless animated the streets of their city during the annual procession of the goddess’s statue.
Alongside Isis, Cybele retained prominence in the heart of the Empire until the fifth century BCE – when
the stone was then lost. Her cult prospered throughout the Empire and it is said that every town or village
remained true to the worship of Cybele.
The home of Aphrodite was at Paphos on Cyprus. Various Classical writers describe the rituals which went
on her in her honor – in which a tapering black stone, the object of verneration at her temple, was used.
8

Aditi Chaturvedi
Vedic Past of Pre-Islamic Arabia – Part 1
Many centuries before prophet Muhammad and the destructive advent of Islam, Arabia or
Arabistan
was
an extremely rich and glorious center of Vedic civilization. In this article, I will prove to you point by point
that pre-Islamic Arabia was in fact a flourishing civilization which revered Vedic culture.
It is the prophet Muhammad and the followers of Islam who are fully responsible for the dissemination
and destruction of this once glorious culture.
In learning about this most ancient heritage, let’s begin with the word
Arabistan
itself.
Arabistan
is
derived from the original Sanskrit term
Arvasthan
which means
The Land of Horses
. Since time
immemorial proponents of the Vedic culture used to breed exceptional horses in this region. Thus
eventually the land itself began to be called
Arva
(Horses) –
Sthan
(place). The people who lived in this
land were called Semitic. Semitic comes from the Sanskrit word
Smritic
. Arabs followed the ancient Vedic
Smritis
such as
Manu-Smriti
as their revered religious guides and thus they were identified as
Smritic
which has been corrupted into Semitic.
At that time the
Uttarapath
(Northern Highway) was the international highway to the North of India. It
was via
Uttarapath
that Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries drew their spiritual, educational and
material sustenance from India. Besides, this Sea-links were formed with India at least 800 years before
the advent of Islam.
Basra
was the ancient gateway to India because it was at this port that the Arab lands
recieved Indian goods and visitors. At that time the spoken language was Sanskrit, which later dwindled
into the local variation that we now call Arabic. The proof of this is that thousands of words that were
derived from Sanskrit still survive in Arabic today. Here is a sampling of some:
Sanskrit
Arabic
English
Sagwan
Saj
Teakwood
Vish
Besh
Poison
Anusari
Ansari
Follower
Shishya
Sheikh
Disciple
Mrityu
Mout
Death
Pra-Ga-ambar
Paigambar
One from heaven
Maleen
Malaun
Dirty or soiled
Aapati
Aafat
Misfortune
Karpas
Kaifas
Cotton
Karpur
Kafur
Camphor
Pramukh
Barmak
Chief
Even various kinds of swords were referred to as
Handuwani
,
Hindi
,
Saif-Ul-Hind
,
Muhannid
and
Hinduani
. The Sanskrit Astronomical treatise
Brahma-Sphuta-Siddhanta
in Arabic translation is known
as
Sind-Hind
, while another treatise
Khanda-Khadyaka
was called
Arkand
. Mathematics itself was called
Hindisa
.
The Arabs derived technical guidance in every branch of study such as astronomy, mathematics and
physics from India. A noted scholar of history, W.H. Siddiqui notes:
“The Arab civilization grew up intensively
as well as extensively on the riches of
Indian trade and commerce. Nomadic Arab
tribes became partially settled communities
9

and some of them lived within walled towns practised agriculture and commerce,
wroteon wood and stone, feared the gods and honored the kings.”
Some people wrongly believe that Arabs used the word Hindu as a term of contemptuous abuse. Nothing
could be further from the truth. The people of pre-Islamic Arabia held Hinduism in great esteem as
evidenced from the fact that they would endearingly call their most attractive and favourite daughters as
Hinda
and
Saifi Hindi
. The fact that Arabs regarded India as their spiritual and cultural motherland long
before the damaging influence of Islam is corroborated by the following poem which mentions each one of
the four Vedas by name: (The English translation is in black)
“Aya muwarekal araj yushaiya noha
minar HIND-e
Wa aradakallaha
manyonaifail jikaratun”
“Oh the divine land of HIND (India)
(how) very blessed art thou!
Because thou art the chosen
of God blessed with knowledge”
“Wahalatijali Yatun ainana sahabi
akha-atun jikra Wahajayhi yonajjalur
-rasu minal HINDATUN “
“That celestial knowledge which like
four lighthouses shone in such
brilliance – through the (utterances of)
Indian sages in fourfold abundance.”
“Yakuloonallaha ya ahal araf alameen
kullahum
Fattabe-u jikaratul VEDA bukkun
malam yonajjaylatun”
“God enjoins on all humans,
follow with hands down
The path the Vedas with his divine
precept lay down.”
“Wahowa alamus SAMA wal YAJUR
minallahay Tanajeelan
Fa-e-noma ya akhigo mutiabay-an
Yobassheriyona jatun”
“Bursting with (Divine) knowledge
are SAM &YAJUR bestowed on creation,
Hence brothers respect and
follow the Vedas, guides to salvation”
“Wa-isa nain huma RIG ATHAR nasayhin
Ka-a-Khuwatun
Wa asant Ala-udan wabowa masha -e-ratun”
“Two others, the Rig and Athar teach us
fraternity, Sheltering under their
lustre dispels darkness till eternity”

3 comments on “Vedic roots of Pre islamic Arabia

  1. Reblogged this on SANATAN DHARM.

    Like

  2. sharonstjoan
    May 4, 2015

    Reblogged this on Voices and Visions and commented:
    This is extremely long and will seem rather obscure. It may not all be accurate, but if even some of it is true, that is enough to indicate a strong link, and cultural exchanges, between the pre-Islamic Arabian people and the people of India, which would certainly make sense, geographically and historically — and I found it very intriguing.

    Like

  3. Basant Mishra
    May 11, 2015

    The truthfulness is yet to be ascertained.

    Like

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